Vigamox Ophthalmic Eye Drops are used to treat bacterial infections in the eye. It should not be used for fungal or viral infections.
Moxifloxacin was first patented in the United States, in 1991 by Bayer A.G., and then again in 1997. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration then approved the drug, Avelox for use in 1999. Moxifloxacin is also produced by Alcon, as Vigamox.
Vigamox composes of the following active and inactive ingredients:
Active: Moxifloxacin (0.5%), Inactives: Boric Acid, Sodium Chloride, and purified water. It also consists of hydrochloric acid or sodium hydroxide to adjust pH to 6.8.
An eye infection is a condition in which bacteria, viruses or other microorganisms may attack the eye.
Bacterial infections in the eye are the most common type of infection. They have simple treatments and are often treated with regular antibiotics and eye drops. It causes the eyes to turn pink or itchiness. The infection is often observed on the following parts of the eye:
Cornea: A clear surface that covers the surface of the iris
Conjunctiva: A thin tissue that covers the surface of the eye and its function is to keep the surface of the eye moist.
Conjunctivitis/Pink Eye: It is an infection of the conjunctiva. It can be caused by bacteria, viruses, an allergy or irritants. It makes the eye appear pink or red. In adults, it is mostly caused by a virus, and in children, it is caused by bacteria.
Keratitis: Inflammation of the cornea caused by bacteria, or viruses results in a condition known as Keratitis. It is common in people that do not wear contact lenses.
Stye: They are painful red bumps under the eyelid or at the base of your eyelashes. This is caused due to bacterias that infect the oil glands around your eyelid or eyelashes. Styes are similar to a pimple in shape and size and are not contagious.
Fungal Eye Infections: Infections that occur due to fungal infections, are quite rare but can be serious. They are caused due to eye injuries or unclean contact lenses.
Uveitis: inflammation in the middle layer of the eye, uvea, causes Uveitis. Viruses like herpes or autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis can cause Uveitis.
Blepharitis: Inflammation of the base of the eyelashes caused due to bacteria.
Moxifloxacin, an active ingredient of Vigamox is a sterile ophthalmic, 8-methoxy fluoroquinolone anti-infective for ophthalmic use. The antibacterial action of moxifloxacin is due to the inhibition of topoisomerase II (DNA gyrase) and topoisomerase IV. DNA gyrase is an enzyme that is responsible for the replication, transcription and repair of bacterial DNA. Topoisomerase IV is an enzyme that plays an essential role in partitioning the chromosomal DNA during bacterial cell division. It provides prolonged contact with the ocular surface that ensures a longer duration of action.
Use eye drops as directed by your doctor. Adhere to the instructions on the prescription. Use the medicine in amounts advised by the doctor, and do not use the eye drops longer than the prescribed time.
If you wear contact lenses, remove them before you use the drops. Ask the doctor if the contact lenses can be reinserted after the medication has been applied.
Wash your hands before using the drops.
To apply the eye drops:
Do not touch the tip of the dropper or place it directly in your eye. Severe vision problems can be caused if the tip of the dropper happens to be contaminated.
Vigamox should be used for a period of seven days, put one drop in the affected eye three times a day.
Use it for the entire prescribed length of time. Do not use the drops if the liquid has changed colour or has dust particles in it. Store it away from moisture and heat. Do not freeze. Keep it closed tightly.
Vigamox Ophthalmic Eye Drops contain an ingredient called moxifloxacin which belongs to the group of fluoroquinolones, whose function is to kill the bacteria that causes infections.
Q1. What happens if I miss a dose?
Ans. If you miss a dose then take it as soon as you remember. Skip the dose if the time for the next dose is near. Do not use extra medicine to cover for the missed doses.
Q2. What happens if I Overdose?
Ans. An overdose of Vigamox is not dangerous. Seek immediate medical attention or call the poison helpline if anyone has swallowed the medication. In case of acute oral overdose, the stomach should be maintained and adequate hydration should be ensured. Dispensing activated charcoal as soon as possible after the oral overdose may prevent excessive increase of systemic moxifloxacin exposure.
Q3. What other drugs will affect Vigamox?
Ans. It is unlikely that any other medicines you consume orally or through injections will affect moxifloxacin in the eyes. But certain drugs might interact, therefore, always inform your doctors about the medicines or injections you take including prescriptions or over-the-counter medicines, vitamins and herbal medicines too.
Q4. What should I avoid while taking Vigamox?
Ans. Avoid wearing contact lenses until the infection heals.
Vigamox may cause blurred vision, therefore, be careful while driving or performing any activity that requires you to see clearly.
Do not use other eye medications until your doctor tells you.
Do not use these
eye drops if you have a fungal or viral infection in your eyes. When suffering from bacterial infections, one must use vigamox eye drops.
Do not use this medicine if you had an allergic reaction to similar medicines in the past. Medicines similar to Vigamox are Gatifloxacin ophthalmic (Zymar), Gatifloxacin (Tequin), Ciprofloxacin ophthalmic (Ciloxan), Ciprofloxacin (Cipro), Ofloxacin ophthalmic (Ocuflox), Ofloxacin (Floxin), Norfloxacin ophthalmic (Chibroxin), Norfloxacin (Noroxin), Levofloxacin ophthalmic (Quixin), Levofloxacin (Levaquin), Lomefloxacin (Maxaquin), Sparfloxacin (Zagam), Trovafloxacin (Trovan), and Moxifloxacin (Avelox).